|After breakfast and a short rest, we went to Angkor Thom. The day has become really hot. We try to stay in the shade when ever we can. Angkor Thom means "The Great City" in Khmer. It is famed for its fantastic central temple. It was a walled and moated royal city at one time. The surrounding wall has a sanctuary tower at each corner and 5 gates. Each gate is crowned by 4 faces of Lokesvara. There are 2 gates at the East wall. The South Gate has a causeway flanked by 54 gods (they smile) and 54 demons (they frown). Angkor Thom has 3 great treasures: the Bayon, the Terrace of the Leper king and the Terrace of Elephants. The Bayon, a Buddhist temple was built in 1190 and adheres to Hindu cosmology. It has 4 huge stone faces, each one facing out and keeping watch at one of the compass points. It is surrounded by two long walls with bas-relief scenes of legendary and historic events such as scenes of battle between the Khmer and Chams. Also, there are scenes of everyday life. Fifty-one smaller towers surround the Bayon, each with four faces of its own. The Terrace of the Leper King (the king had leprosy) was a site for royal cremations. The Terrace of Elephants looks down at the parade grounds below. The King would sit on this terrace to watch various sports games. We then went for lunch beside an artificial lake that was dug by hand.